Generally, wrinkles are a natural part of human aging and usually appear on the most exposed areas of your skin, like the forearms, neck, face, and hand. Although genetics largely determine skin texture and structure, sun exposure remains a primary cause of wrinkles. Light-skinned people have a high chance of experiencing wrinkles when exposed to the sun. Additionally, smoking and pollutants can cause wrinkles.
There are many available ways of dealing with wrinkles to help you make them less visible and attain a smooth look. Skin-resurfacing techniques, surgery, Bellafill, and fillers are among the effective ways of fixing wrinkles.
Generally, wrinkles are creases and lines that form in the skin and are visually noticeable. Wrinkles might appear around the eyes, neck, and mouth in furrows or deep crevices.
Various elements may lead to the development of wrinkles. However, some of these factors are treatable, and others are not.
With age, your skin becomes fragile and naturally loses its elasticity. This is because of the reduced production of the natural skin oil, making the skin appear wrinkled. Additionally, as you get older, the fat in your deeper skin layer naturally diminishes, causing saggy, loose skin and visible crevices and lines.
Smoking may accelerate your skin’s natural aging process as it harms collagen production.
3. UV (ultraviolet) light Exposure
Generally, UV light is a significant reason most people experience early wrinkling as it speeds the aging process. When your skin is exposed to ultraviolet radiation, the elastin fibers, connective tissue, and the collagen in your dermis usually break down.
And when your skin has less or lacks the connective tissue, it loses its flexibility and strength. With time your skin will begin to wrinkle and sag prematurely.
4. Repeated Facial Expressions
Generally, facial expressions and movements like smiling or squinting can lead to wrinkles and fine skin lines. A groove usually forms below the skin surface every time your facial muscle moves. With age, the skin loses the ability to spring back whenever this muscle moves. As a result of loose flexibility, the wrinkles become part of your skin.
If you are looking to diminish or reduce the appearance of wrinkles, there are various wrinkle treatment techniques available. Below are some of the options that may help you smoothen or make the visible wrinkles less noticeable.
a. Topical Retinoids
Retinoid is a natural ingredient usually obtained from vitamin A. Using prescription medicine containing this ingredient will help you reduce skin roughness, splotches, and wrinkles. For noticeable results, it is recommendable you apply the prescription for several continuous weeks or months. However, some products may cause temporary dryness, redness, burning, or itching. For this reason, be sure to schedule a consultation with your doctor for advice on the best product for you. Additionally, you may need to wear protective clothing and use spectrum sunscreen having an SPF (sun protection factor) of 30 and above.
b. Nonprescription Wrinkle Ointments
Generally, the effectiveness of anti-wrinkle ointments is determined by their active ingredients. For instance, some peptides, antioxidants, and retinol might give you modest results in wrinkles. Compared to prescription creams, the nonprescription wrinkle creams results are short-lived and limited as they contain minimal active ingredients.
2. Surgical Techniques and Other Procedures
Depending on your goals, you can choose your treatment option from various available wrinkle smoothening procedures. Your doctor may recommend a combination treatment as it offers the best result. Make sure you consult your doctor and discuss the best approach to achieve your goal.
a. Laser Resurfacing
This procedure involves using a laser beam to heat the dermis (the underlying skin) and destroy the epidermis (outer layer of your skin). With time the wound will heal, and tighter, smooth skin will form. This treatment stimulates the growth of more collagen fibers and helps you diminish sagging and excessive skin.
Laser resurfacing procedures are usually performed in a medical office using local anesthesia. However, general anesthesia may be necessary for an extensive resurfacing procedure. Usually, it takes few months for full recovery following laser resurfacing. However, with newer techniques like fractional lasers, the recovery time might be shorter.
b. Chemical Peel
Through this technique, your specialist will use a chemical solution to eliminate the top layers of your skin. With time a new smoother skin will form. In addition, several treatments might be necessary before you get visible results; this is based on the peel’s depth. The possible drawbacks of this procedure may include skin infection, scarring, and darkening or lightening of your skin color. However, the redness will fade within few weeks.
3. Photodynamic Rejuvenation
PDT (Photodynamic therapy) is another effective treatment used to treat wrinkles caused by sun exposure. Repeat treatments might be necessary for the best outcome. However, PDT treatment has less recovery period than laser resurfacing.
4. Soft Tissue Fillers
This technic involves injecting some soft filler tissues into the wrinkles on your skin. Some of these fillers include collagen, fat, and hyaluronic acid (Juvederm, Restylane, among others). Following the procedure, you might experience temporary skin bruising, swelling, and change of color (redness).
Botulinum toxin is an injection that helps you to keep your muscles from contracting once injected into your muscles. As a result, your skin will look smoother with fewer wrinkles.
Botox best results in treating frown lines across your forehead and eyes, crow-feet corner, and between your eyebrows. It may take you less than three days to have the results, with the effect lasting for several months. To maintain the result, you may require to repeat injections.
This procedure entails tightening your underlying tissues and muscle. Generally, your doctor can perform a face-lift procedure in an outpatient surgical or a hospital using general or local anesthesia. Face-lift may take a more extended period to heal. The evident side effects of a face-lift include swelling and bruising that fades few weeks after the procedure. It is important to note that face-lift does not offer a lasting solution. You might need to undergo another process several years later.
It is important to bear in mind that the best results depend on the depth and location of the wrinkles. And that it is impossible to prevent your skin from aging; thus, to maintain the result, you require repeated treatments.