Common Causes of Bad Breath

Halitosis, which is the scientific name for bad breath, can occur for many reasons. But in most cases, banal non-observance of hygiene rules leads to it. The microorganisms accumulate in the oral cavity that becomes the culprits of a specific aroma. Basically, these are anaerobic bacteria that produce hydrogen sulfide in the process of life.

Often a similar symptom is called pseudohalitosis because the smell is not pronounced and is easily eliminated with the help of hygiene procedures. The causes of true halitosis (persistent unpleasant odor) can be serious illnesses or disorders in the body.

Reasons For Bad Breath

Here are some reasons for bad breath.

1. Oral Diseases

The first doctor to whom a person with true halitosis should turn is a dentist. After all, it is the problems of the oral cavity that become the main culprits of an unpleasant odor. Among them are the following diseases:

  • Caries
  • Pulpitis
  • Gingivitis
  • Periodontitis
  • Tooth cysts
  • Stomatitis

All these diseases, as well as non-compliance with hygiene rules, contribute to the growth of bacteria. Microorganisms also accumulate in plaque and tartar in the gingival hood, which forms over the erupting wisdom tooth. It also forms in the place where various orthopedic structures (crowns, dentures, braces) adjoin the teeth or gums.

2. Alcohol Abuse

Alcohol addiction is another reason for bad breath. Due to the frequent consumption of alcoholic beverages, bacteria grow inside the mouth, causing an unpleasant aroma. This is the reason alcoholics also have bad taste in their mouths. The only way to get rid of this problem, along with many other health problems, is to quit alcohol addiction.

You can even contact alcoholic hotline numbers to get information regarding your condition and suitable treatment options. These are safe and confidential communication channels that make abandoning alcohol easier.

3. Problems With Salivation

Another suitable breeding ground for anaerobic bacteria is a dry mouth. Therefore, many people have halitosis in the morning. Saliva is practically not secreted at night, and microorganisms actively multiply in the mouth. Dry mouth syndrome can be the result of bad habits. For example, smoking leads to disruption of the salivary glands.

However, since the disease affects the work of all glands in the body, it always manifests itself with other symptoms. Some of these include dry eyes, hoarseness, swollen lymph nodes, and so on. Due to dry mouth and reduced immunity, candidiasis can develop. It is a fungal disease that is accompanied by a sharp, pronounced bad breath.

4. E.N.T. Infections

If doctors have ruled out diseases of the oral cavity, you need to contact an otolaryngologist. After all, the next most common causes of halitosis are diseases of the nasopharynx, throat, and tonsils. Very often, an unpleasant odor occurs with the following problems:

  • Tonsillitis
  • Sinusitis
  • Adenoiditis
  • Angina
  • Pharyngitis

In the case of a common cold, the bad smell is not so much due to the infection in the nose itself but as a result of postnasal drip syndrome. Mucus descends into the throat, lingers, and already there becomes a suitable breeding ground for bacteria.

In addition, a clogged nose leads to the fact that the patient breathes through the mouth. It means that the mucous membranes dry out, which makes it possible for microorganisms to become more active.

5. Respiratory Tract Infections

Diseases of the lower respiratory tract can also cause bad breath. Doctors note that with bronchitis or pneumonia, characteristic stale breath appears. Moreover, any stagnant processes in the respiratory tract will be accompanied by halitosis. This is because bacteria actively multiply in the thickened mucus.

Such a development of diseases is quite dangerous because microorganisms can cause unpleasant odor and the emergence of a new inflammatory process. The most dangerous lung disease with severe halitosis is an abscess. It is a purulent inflammation that leads to serious damage to the lung tissue.

In the initial period of the disease, the symptoms of an abscess are similar to the usual acute respiratory infections. For example, the temperature rises, and there is general weakness and pain.

6. Diseases Of The Stomach

The causes of bad breath can also be diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, especially the stomach and esophagus. Such diseases include:

  • Gastritis
  • Enteritis
  • Ulcer of the stomach and duodenum
  • Dysbacteriosis

With such diagnoses, a sharp putrid smell from the mouth may indicate extremely dangerous diseases – intestinal obstruction and stomach cancer. In the case of oncology, an unpleasant odor appears when the process of decomposition already begins in the damaged tissues.

The mucus and food debris accumulate over the tumor itself, which is a beneficial environment for anaerobic bacteria. In the case of intestinal obstruction, halitosis occurs much earlier. Therefore, if a pungent odor appears along with pain, constipation, asymmetric bloating, it is urgent to call an ambulance.

7. Diseases Of The Liver And Biliary Tract

In some cases, bad breath does not occur due to the activity of bacteria but as a result of intoxication of the body. Harmful substances exit through the mucous membranes, and the breath can acquire a characteristic stench of a non-putrefactive type. At the same time, an unpleasant odor can also come from the skin. This is because toxins will also be released through the sweat glands.

This type of halitosis is typical for kidney and liver problems. So, for example, in the case of kidney disease, the smell of acetone can be felt from the mouth. And in chronic renal failure, there is a “fishy” or ammonia-like smell.

Hepatitis (inflammation of the liver) and cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder) often present with rotten egg-like halitosis. In the presence of such specific odors, it is imperative to undergo a complete examination. Otherwise, neglected diseases of the liver and kidneys may become chronic and significantly worsen the quality of life.

We mentioned some of the major reasons why you might have bad breath. The type of breath you have also indicate your health condition. Thus, pay attention to it so as to avoid any serious health problems.